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The faculty member of University of Mazandaran won the 38th World Architecture Association Award

This project was designed by a team led by Dr. Mohsen Mousavi and Dr. Mohsen Kafi, faculty member of the University of Tehran, in collaboration with Mohsen Kheirmand Parizi, Seyed Mohammad Hossein Rahmati, Hanieh Lotfipour, Shirin Jahed, Sajjad Kheirmand, and Zahra Ebrahimi.

Project details from Dr. Mohsen Mousavi

Design ideas and values:

The issue of users" health has always been a concern of designers and officials. With the Coronavirus Pandemic, new principles in spatial design will be created. Since the onset of the disease and to date, our team has made plans in this area to prevent the spread and destruction of the epidemic chain along with the activity and presence of users in urban areas and the use of urban facilities with the least risk. The new arrangement of furniture, attention to social spacing, design of handles and openings, tips and innovations related to toilets, space disinfection systems, and users were among the items designed in the past. We predict that with the outbreak of the Coronavirus Pandemic, new principles in design and architecture will be created.

Sunlight, especially its ultraviolet light, is known as one of the most effective disinfectants that humans have used this property from the beginning. Later, with the advancement of science, ultraviolet lamps were used to disinfect spaces and objects. By the review of researches and designed samples, their upgrade, and optimization, we got acquainted with a specific wavelength of ultraviolet light that, in addition to its ability to kill viruses, is not harmful to humans and animals. Items that were provided to the people, industrial designers, and architects through experiments and researches of different groups and related science specialists, and by studying and observing the presented designs, we were able to create a smart and responsive space for users and a safe space away from viruses. Coronaviruses are a large family of single-stranded RNA viruses that cause a wide range of diseases of varying severity.

Necessary measures to deal with this disease include hygiene and cleaning of hands, body, clothes, tools, and equipment. Ultraviolet light has been used in industry for many years to cleanse viruses, which has been created due to the intense energy absorption by organic bases in the microbial nucleic acid. UVC lamps of 200 to 280 nm have been used for decades to disinfect, kill germs and viruses in hospitals, and when used, the workplace should be empty because these lamps are mostly 254 nm which can penetrate the tissue of the eyes and skin and cause inflammation and pain. The upper layers of the skin provide less natural protection against UVC.

222 nm Far-UVC lamps are safe for humans and animals; Because the proteins in the skin effectively absorb this light and are considered as a natural protective barrier, with this wavelength, in addition to antimicrobial properties, it can be used without damage to the skin and eyes of humans and animals, and cleansing and germicidal operations. According to research and scientific evidence, the use of this specific wavelength of ultraviolet light in the design, in addition to urban spaces in places such as hospitals, buses, planes, trains, train stations, schools, restaurants, offices, theaters, gyms, and Far-UVC, along with other precautions, can be used wherever people gather to be safe to prevent the spread of viruses.

The researchers found that continuous exposure to Far-UVC UVs reduced airborne viruses by 90 percent in 8 minutes, 95 percent in about 11 minutes, 99 percent in about 16 minutes, and 99.9 percent in about 25 minutes. Preliminary results from another study show that Far-UVC ultraviolet light is also effective against the SARS-CoV-2 virus.

Extensibility:

Secure space can be effective, but the ability to expand the space can create the potential for user activity and presence safely. The main challenge after the pandemic is to be present in the city and public spaces without stress, to perform social interactions and maximum use of urban facilities, and turn it into a safe city against viruses.

Responsive designs:

With the ability of programming and computational architecture and the help of related software, we achieved a smart and responsive design so that when the user approaches the space, according to the sensors, the lamps are turned on and when the user goes out of range of each device, the previous device is deactivated and the next device is activated so it can also save energy in addition to disinfecting space and users.

Complete disinfection - radiation from above, below, and at an angle:

In high radiation, there will be parts that are not irradiated, and this will prevent the disinfection and destruction of viruses from being done properly and completely; For this reason, in the border sections, we considered the ranges in floor construction from the floor upwards and at an angle. This move also increases the user"s understanding of boundaries and entry into secure spaces.

Use proper ventilation in indoor spaces to disinfect the air:

As stated, based on researches and scientific evidence, this specific wavelength of ultraviolet light (Far-UVC UV rays) in the design, in addition to urban spaces in places such as hospitals, buses, planes, trains, train stations, schools, restaurants, service spaces Health, accommodation, shrines, mosques, and wherever people gather, can be used along with other precautions to prevent the transmission of viruses. By using proper ventilation and air circulation along with using this special wavelength, indoor air can be disinfected from viruses and diseases and increase the health of users.

Complete disinfection - radiation from above, below, and at an angle:

In high radiation, there will be parts that are not irradiated, and this will prevent the disinfection and destruction of viruses from being done properly and completely; For this reason, in the border sections, we considered the ranges in floor construction from the floor upwards and at an angle. This move also increases the user"s understanding of boundaries and entry into secure spaces.

Use proper ventilation in indoor spaces to disinfect the air:

As stated, based on researches and scientific evidence, this specific wavelength of ultraviolet light (Far-UVC UV rays) in the design, in addition to urban spaces in places such as hospitals, buses, planes, trains, train stations, schools, restaurants, service spaces Health, accommodation, shrines, mosques, and wherever people gather, can be used along with other precautions to prevent the transmission of viruses. By using proper ventilation and air circulation along with using this special wavelength, indoor air can be disinfected from viruses and diseases and increase the health of users.


20:07 - 09/09/2021    /    Number : 29938    /    Show Count : 202
لینک کوتاه خبر : en.umz.ac.ir/sun/oJq0L1


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